In 1996 Food security was first defined by the world food summit as “When everyone has sufficient, safe and nutritious food access for a good living.”
The most common concept of food security can be defined as the inclusion of both the economic and the physical accessibility of food which should be able to meet the dietary needs of individuals and the preferences of taste they want to enjoy.
One term is called the household food security which comes into existence only when all the members at every time can get access to enough diet which can prove to be helpful for an active and healthy lifestyle. Food security also includes the measure of resilience, which takes into account the critical issues of food as a scares resource and its supply that are highly at risk due to factors like natural disasters, shortage of fuel, disruptions in transport and economic downturns.
Food stability, food access and food availability are the three terms that work together to make the system more efficient and effective.
Food stability is the ability of individuals and community to get and obtain food over time. Food access states the affording power and the food allocation. It also includes the preferences of people and their households. Food availability, on the other hand, works to refers to the supply of food by taking into account its production, allocation and the exchange.
When is a household considered food secure?
A food secured household is the one in which its residents are not living in hunger or in fear of getting a shortage of food. A full-scale famine is the last stage of food insecure household.
Food security and facts
A report on global condition showed that the overall number of overweight people is much higher than the undernourished people. The world has now around 1 billion people who are overweight there are 800 million people who are undernourished. Almost 852 million people are chronically undernourished and hungry, the main cause of which is poverty. And almost there are 2 billion people who do not have food security due to varying levels of poverty. Every day 17000 children die due to hunger and under-nutrition, which makes a subtotal of 6 million people who die of malnutrition every day.
In the United States, a direct relationship has been found between the level of food consumption and poverty. Well established and financially stable families are very less likely to face chronic malnutrition and hunger, whereas, on the other hand, low-income families do not have the resources to fulfil their dietary needs which lead them to chronic hunger.
What are the major factors that affect food security?
Global water crisis; the water reserves in many countries is falling day by day due to spread and more usage of over pumping, irrigation and misuse of water
Climatic changes; a ripple effect has been observed on the yields of crops, forest resources and water supplies due to rising temperatures, this alters the balance of nature.
Land degradation; to fulfil the demand food, intensive farming methods are used which can cause soil fertility exhaustion